Narratives of African American Art and Identity...

Adams, Brooks. "Tanner's Odyssey." Art in America (June 1991): 108-113.

Adams, Clinton. "Art as a Testament: A Conversation with Margo Humphrey." The Tamarind Papers 9 (Spring 1986): 16-26.

Allen, Jane Addams. "Letting Go." Art in America (Jan. 1986): 98-147.

Andre, Linda. "Alma Thomas: Evening Glow," exhibition brochure. Baltimore: The Baltimore Museum of Art, 1996.

Baigell, Matthew. A Concise History of American Painting and Sculpture. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

Belk, Russell W. Collecting in a Consumer Society. London/New York: Routledge, 1995.

Bearden, Romare, and Harry Henderson. A History of African American Artists from 1972 to the Present. New York: Pantheon Books, 1993.

Benjamin, Tritobia H. The World of Loïs Mailou Jones. Washington, D.C.: Meridian House International, 1990.

Bennet, Lerone, Jr. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company, Inc., 1988.

Bier, Justus. "Ellis Wilson: Kentucky Negro Artist." The Courier-Journal Magazine (April 30, 1950): 36-37.

Bishop, Robert, and Jacqueline M. Atkins. Folk Art in American Life. New York: Penguin Books, 1995.

Boime, Albert. "Henry Ossawa Tanner's Subversion of Genre." The Art Bulletin 75.3 (1993): 415-442.

Bon d, Fred F. A One-Man Exhibition: Prints and Paintings by James L. Wells. Nashville: Van Vechten Gallery, Fisk University, 1973.

Broadway, Bill. "Pictures at an Exhibition Paint Black Point of View." The Washington Post (Aug. 30, 1997): B6.

Brunson, Jamie. "Improvisation in the Realm of Memory." Artweek 20 (May 27, 1989): 1.

Byrd, Rudolph P., ed. Generations in Black and White: Photographs by Carl Van Vechten from the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Collection. Athens, Ga.: The University of Georgia Press, 1993.

Campbell, Mary Schmidt, et al. Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987.

Campbell, Mary Schmidt, and Sharon F. Patton. Memory and Metaphor: The Art of Romare Bearden 1940-1987. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Carrier, David. "Raymond Saunders/Carnegie Museum of Art/Pittsburgh Center for the Arts." Artforum International 35 (Oct. 1996): 122.

Cederholm, Theresa Dickason, ed. Afro-American Artists: A Bio-Bibliographical Directory. Boston: Trustees of the Boston Public Library, 1973.

Cohen, Jean Lawlor. "Sam Gilliam." ARTnews (May 1993): 145.

Cohn, Terri. "Raymond Saunders-Malcolm X: Talking Pictures at Stephen Wirtz Gallery." Artweek 25 (Oct. 20, 1994): 17.

Coker, Gilbert, and Corrine Jennings. The Harmon and Harriet Kelley Collection of African American Art. San Antonio: San Antonio Museum of Art, 1994.

Conwill, Kinshasha Holman. "In Search of an 'Authentic' Vision: Decoding the Appeal of the Self-Taught African- American Artist." American Art 5.4 (1991): 2-8.

Crite, Allan Rohan. An Autobiographical Sketch. Unpublished manuscript. Boston: Suffolk University archives, donated 1984.

Dallas Museum of Art. Black Art Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African-American Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989.

Davis, Tonya Bolden. "Collecting Black Art." Black Enterprise (Dec. 1986): 85-86.

Davis, Tonya Bolden, and Devin D. Thompson. "Going Once Going Twice Sold." Black Enterprise (Dec. 1988): 73-76.

D onaldson, Jeff Richardson. "Generation '306' Harlem, New York." Dissertation. Northwestern University, 1975.

Douglas, Robert L. "Robert Colescott's Searing Stereotypes." New Art Examiner (June 1989): 34-37.

Driskell, David C., ed. African American Visual Aesthetics: A Postmodern View. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995.

Driskell, David C. Contemporary Visual Expressions. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Driskell, David C. Earl J. Hooks. Nashville: The Art Gallery, Fisk University, 1966.

Driskell, David C. Hidden Heritage: Afro-American Art 1800-1950. San Francisco: The Art Museum Association of America, 1985.

Driskell, David C. "James Lesesne Wells 1902-1993." Washington Review 18.6 (1993): 22.

Driskell, David C. Two Centuries of Black American Art. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976.

Driskell, David C., and Gladys E. Rodgers. Claude Clark: On My Journey Now. Atlanta: The Apex Museum, 1996.

Ebony, David. "Richmond Barthé and Richard Hunt at the Anacostia Museum." Art in America (July 1993): 109.

Elsner, John, and Roger Cardinal, eds. The Cultures of Collecting. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Ferris, William, ed. Afro-American Folk Art and Crafts. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1983.

Fifty Years of Paintings by Georgia Artist Claude Clark. Atlanta: Hammonds House Galleries and Resource Center for African American Art, 1990.

Fusscas, Helen K. "The Paintings of Charles Ethan Porter." Charles Ethan Porter. Marlborough, CT: The Connecticut Gallery, Inc., 1987.

Gaither, Edmund Barry. Massachusetts Masters: African American Artists. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1988.

Gibson, Eric. "William H. Johnson" (review). ARTnews (Dec. 1995): 141.

Gilliam, Sam. Small Drape Paintings 1970-1973. Washington, D.C.: Middendorf Gallery, 1990.

Glueck, Grace. "Richmond Barthé, Sculptor, Dies." The New York Times (March 16, 1989).

Gonzalez, Michel. "Notre Lois Jones." Pot Pourri 7 no. 4 (27 July 1978): 6-7.

Greene, Carroll Jr., ed. American Visions: Afro-American Art--1986. Washington, D.C.: The Visions Foundation, 1987.

Harlem Renaissance Art of Black America. The Studio Museum in Harlem. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987.

Harley, Sharon. The Timetables of African-American History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe. Sharing Traditions: Five Black Artists in Nineteenth-Century America. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985.

Hedgepeth, Chester M., Jr. Twentieth-Century African American Writers and Artists. Chicago: American Library Association, 1991.

Heller, Jules, and Nancy G. Heller. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1995.

Henkes, Robert. The Art of Black American Women: Works of Twenty-Four Artists of the Twentieth Century. North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1993.

Henry, Gerrit. "A Metaphor for Human Being: New Paintings by Sam Gilliam." Arts Magazine 59.6 (Feb. 1985): 78-79.

Herzog, Melanie. "Elizabeth Catlett in Mexico: Identity and Cross-Cultural Intersections in the Production of Artistic Meaning." The International Review of African American Art 11.3 (1994): 19-25.

Hirsch, Faye. "L'École de Paris is Burning." Arts Magazine 66 (Sept. 1991): 52-57.

Holland, Juanita Marie. Edward Mitchell Bannister 1828-1901. New York: Kenkeleba House, 1992.

Howard University. James A. Porter: Artist and Art Historian: The Memory of the Legacy. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Gallery of Art, 1992.

Howard University. Lois Mailou Jones and Her Former Students: An American Legacy. Washington, D.C.: Department of Art, Howard University, 1995.

Hulick, Diana Emery. "James VanDerZee's Harlem Book of the Dead: A Study in Cultural Relationships." History of Photography 17.3 (1993): 277-283.

Igoe, Lynn Moody, and James Igoe. 250 Years of Afro-American Art: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: R. R. Bowker Company, 1981.

Impressions/Expressions: Black American Graphics. New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 1980.

Intimations of Immortality. Washington, D.C.: The B'nai B'rith Klutznick National Jewish Museum, 1997.

Introspectives: Contemporary Art by Americans and Brazilians of African Descent. Los Angeles: California Afro- American Museum Foundation, 1989.

James, Curtis. "Richmond Barthé, Richard Hunt." ARTnews (March 1994): 146-147.

Johnson, Ken. "Colescott on Black and White." Art in America (June 1989): 148-153ff.

Jones, Loïs Mailou. Peintures 1937-1951. Tourcoing, France: Georges Frére, 1952.

Karp, Ivan, Christine Mullen Kreamer, and Steven D. Lavine, eds. Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Kenkeleba Gallery. Norman Lewis: From the Harlem Renaissance to Abstraction. New York: Kenkeleba House, Inc., 1989.

Ketner, Joseph D. The Emergence of the African American Artist: Robert S. Duncanson 1821-1872. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.

Ketner, Joseph D. "Robert S. Duncanson (1821-1872): The Late Literary Landscape Paintings." The American Art Journal 15.1 (1983): 35-47.

King-Hammond, Leslie. Black Printmakers and the W.P.A. New York: Lehman College Art Gallery, 1989.

King-Hammond, Leslie. Gumbo Ya Ya: Anthology of Contemporary African American Women Artists. New York: Midmarch Arts Press, 1995.

Kirschke, Amy Helene. Aaron Douglas: Art, Race, and the Harlem Renaissance. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Koota, Sharon D. "Cosmograms and Cryptic Writings: 'Africanisms.'" The Clarion 16.2 (1991): 48-52.

Kozloff, Max. "Time Stands Still: The Photographs of Roy DeCarava." Artforum 34.9 (1996): 78-83.

LeFalle-Collins, Lizzetta. "Grafton Tyler Brown: Selling the Promise of the West." The International Review of African American Art 12.1 (1995): 27-44.

LeFalle-Collins, Lizzetta, and Shifra M. Goldman. In the Spirit of Resistance: African American Modernists and the Mexican Muralist School. New York: The American Federation of Arts, 1996.

Lehman College Art Gallery. Black Printmakers and the W.P.A. New York: The City University of New York, 1989.

Lewis, David Levering. When Harlem Was in Vogue. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Lewis, David Levering, ed. The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader. New York: Viking Press, 1994.

Lewis, Samella. African American Art and Artists. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Lewis, Samella. Art: African American. Los Angeles: Hancraft Studios, 1990.

Lippard, Lucy R. "Crossing into Uncommon Grounds." The Artist Outsider: Creativity and the Boundaries of Culture. Ed. Michael D. Hall and Eugene W. Metcalf, Jr. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Livingston, Jane, and John Beardsley. Black Folk Art in America 1930-1980. Jackson: University of Mississippi, 1982.

Locke, Alain, ed. The New Negro. Atheneum Edition ed. New York: Atheneum, 1925.

Main Gallery of Art. "Resonance": Williams/Edwards/Gilliam. Baltimore: Morgan State University, 1976.

Matthews, Lydia. "Kate Delos and Margo Humphrey, an Artweek Interview," Artweek 22 (Feb. 14, 1991): 16-17.

McElroy, Guy C., Richard Powell, and Sharon F. Patton. African-American Artists 1889-1987: Selections from the Evans-Tibbs Collection. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1989.

McManus, Michael. "Recognition for the Invisible Man." Artweek 18.1 (1987): 1-3.

McWillie, Judith, John Mason, and Robert Farris Thompson. Another Face of the Diamond: Pathways through the Black Atlantic South. New York: INTAR Latin American Gallery, 1989.

Metcalf, Eugene W. "Black Art, Folk Art, and Social Control." Winterthur Portfolio 18.4 (1983): 271-289.

Mhire, Herman. Baking in the Sun: Visionary Images from the South. Lafayette: University Art Museum, 1987.

Miller, Henry. The Amazing and Invariable Beauford Delaney. New York: The Alicat Book Shop, 1945.

Minnie Evans: Artist. Greenville, N.C.: Wellington B. Gray Gallery, 1993.

Montclair Art Museum. Fourteen Paintings: William T. Williams. Monclair, N.J.: The Monclair Art Museum, 1991.

Morrison, Keith. Art in Washington and Its Afro-American Presence: 1940-1970. Washington, D.C.: Washington Project for the Arts, 1985.

Mosby, Dewey F. Henry Ossawa Tanner. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1991.

National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center. Uncommon Beauty in Common Objects: The Legacy of African American Craft Art. Wilberforce, Ohio: National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center, 1993.

No Justice, No Peace? Resolutions... Los Angeles: The California Afro-American Museum Foundation, 1993.

Pearce, Susan M. On Collecting: An Investigation into Collecting in the European Tradition. London/New York: Routledge, 1995.

Perry, Regenia A. "Contemporary African American Folk Art: An Overview." The International Review of African American Art 11.1 (1993): 5-29.

Perry, Regenia A. Free within Ourselves: African American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art in association with Pomegranate Artbooks, 1992.

Porter, James A. Modern Negro Art. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1992.

Powell, Richard J. Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century. London: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

Powell, Richard J. "Talking with James Lesesne Wells." Print Review 9 (1979): 65-75.

Powell, Richard J., and Jock Reynolds. James Lesesne Wells: Sixty Years in Art. Washington, D.C.: Washington Project for the Arts, 1986.

Raboteau, Albert J. "African Americans, Exodus, and the American Israel." Religion and American Culture. Ed. David G. Hackett. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Reflections of a Southern Heritage: 20th Century Black Artists of the Southeast. Charleston, S.C.: Carolina Art Association, 1979.

"Resonance" The Gallery of Art. Baltimore: Morgan State University, 1976. A Retrospective Exhibition 1937-1971. Nashville: The Carl Van Vechten Gallery of Fine Arts, Fisk University, 1972.

Reynolds, Gary A., and Beryl J. Wright. Against The Odds: African American Artists and the Harmon Foundation. Newark: The Newark Museum, 1989.

Rhapsodies in Black: Art of the Harlem Renaissance. Berkeley: Hayward Gallery, Institute of International Visual Arts, University of California Press, 1997.

Riggs, Thomas, ed. St. James Guide to Black Artists. Detroit: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, 1997.

"Rimbaud, (Jean Nicholas) Arthur." CD-ROM. Encarta 1994. Redmond, Wash.: Microsoft, 1994.

Roche, Paul. The Bible's Greatest Stories. New York: Mentor, 1990.

Romare Bearden: Paintings and Projections. Albany, New York: The Art Gallery, State University of New York, 1968.

Romare Bearden: The Prevalence of Ritual. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1971.

Sam Gilliam: Extensions Part One. Anderson Gallery. Richmond: Virginia Commonwealth University, 1978.

Since the Harlem Renaissance: 50 Years of Afro-American Art. Lewisburg, Pa.: The Center Gallery of Bucknell University, 1985.

Spelman College. Bearing Witness. New York: Spelman College and Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1996.

Stange, Maren. "Shadow and Substance." Art in America 84.3 (1996): 35-39.

Studio Museum in Harlem. Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987.

Terry Adkins. Richmond, Va.: Anderson Gallery at the Virginia Commonwealth University, 1991.

Tesfagiorgis, Freida High W. "Afrofemcentrism and its Fruition in the Art of Elizabeth Catlett and Faith Ringgold." The Expanding Discourse: Feminism and Art History. Ed. Norma Broude and Mary D. Garrard. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Vintage Books, 1984.

Three Masters: Cortor, Lee-Smith, Motley. New York: Kenkelba House, Inc., 1988.

Traditions and Transformations: Contemporary Afro-American Sculpture. New York: The Bronx Museum of the Arts, 1989.

Trechsel, Gail Andrews, ed. Pictured in My Mind: Contemporary American Self-Taught Art from the Collection of Dr. Kurt Gitter and Alice Rae Yelen. Birmingham, Ala.: Birmingham Museum of Art, 1995.

Turner, Nannette. "Barthé: A Giant Returns Home." Neworld no. 7 (1978): 29-35.

Wallach, Amei. "The Contemporary Collector's Art." The New York Times Magazine (Oct. 26, 1997), 42-46.

Walter O. Evans. Collection of African American Art. Savannah, Ga.: Beach Institute, 1991.

Wardlaw, Alvia J. The Art of John Biggers: View from the Upper Room. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. in association with The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1995.

Wayne, Cynthia. Dreams, Lies and Exaggerations: Photomontage in America. College Park: The Art Gallery, University of Maryland at College Park, 1991.

Wheat, Ellen Harkins. Jacob Lawrence: American Painter. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986.

Williams, Reba, and Dave Williams, eds. Alone in a Crowd: Prints of the 1930's-40's by African American Artists. Reba and Dave Williams, 1993.

Willis-Braithwaite, Deborah. VanDerZee, Photographer 1886-1983. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993.

Willis-Thomas, Deborah. An Illustrated Bio-Bibliography of Black Photographers 1940-1988. New York: Garland Publishing, 1989.

Wilson, James L. Clementine Hunter: American Folk Artist. Gretna, La: Pelican Publishing Company, 1990.

Wolf, Conradin, and Jacqueline Battle. Terry Adkins: Arbeit/Work, 1986-1987. Zurich: Galerie Emmerich- Baumann, 1987.

Yelen, Alice Rae. Passionate Visions of the American South. New Orleans: New Orleans Museum of Art, 1993.

Yolles, Sandra. "Gilda Snowden." ARTnews 87 (Dec. 1988): 169.


David Driskell